Dome of the Rock
ca. 500-1500 CE
--The Dome of the Rock is a domed octagon resembling San Vitale in Ravenna in basic design. The exterior is covered in vivid, colorful patterned mosaic and sharply contrasts with the Byzantine brickwork and Greco-Roman sculptured profiling and carved decoration. The interior is also highly decorated with mosaics. The Dome of the Rock was erected by the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik and houses the rock from which Muslims believe Muhammad ascended to Heaven.
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(Dome of the Rock)
(Definitely click on this one to see the beautiful tiling and Arabesque script. The colors are really fantastic. Big file, though.)